The term, “Western Music” includes genres of music originating from the Western world (which comprises Europe) that are differentiated from music from the Orient or Middle East. To put it differently, Western music, for the large part, is built on major, minor, and pentatonic scales.
There’s liberal use of octaves, fourths, and fifths. Music from the Orient or the Middle East uses a bigger group of scales such as those built on five notes (instead of seven) and quarter tones (instead of semitones). These differences, though not known by the layperson, go a very long way in creating music that is clearly different and unique to every culture.
Music from various nations and ethnicities could be dramatically different. Latin music, as an instance, is known for its use of a variety of percussion instruments such as congas, claves, timbales and hand drums. This music, often used for dances, is lively, very rhythmic, and often dramatic. Mexican audio, on the other needed, frequently includes a mariachi band which consists of bass guitar, horn and violin such as trumpets.
Strikingly different, music from Japan is often played on intriguing instruments with intriguing titles such as shamisen, taiko drums, and a flute known as shakuhachi, which is constructed of bamboo. The audio is very meditative and is often used for ceremonies and signaling certain passages in existence. Hawaiian music is very easy in rhythm and tune and contains a distinct sound played by ukuleles and guitars. Music from Israel is a mix of songs from Jewish and non-Jewish traditions. You will also notice a mix of Klezmer and Hebrew folk music.
The United States, being a relatively young country, and one which is composed of nearly all ethnics groups, has a music of its own – jazz — and it’s derivatives. You can hear Dixieland swing in New Orleans and also hard-charging blues in the night clubs of Chicago. The U.S. is considered the birthplace of the two rock-and-roll and bigupsgh songs, both sharing their beginnings with folk music (which some insist had its origins in Europe).
The term “world music” is a most frequently used to refer to a broad and diverse collection of musicians and music. There are lots of world music festivals throughout the year with artists and their support team travel thousands of miles for one performance. Music magazines like “Song Lines” are dedicated to world music with each copy containing a CD of songs from around the world.
Music by a certain culture (or country) is often affected by what instruments are traditionally played and easily available. By way of example, Irish music is deeply rooted in the fiddle, where Spanish music is based a lot on the guitar and it’s versatility.